Emotionally Healthy Peer Review in the Classroom and the Workplace
Background: In healthcare disciplines, peer review supports accountability to society and autonomy of our professions. Traditionally, nurses have approached peer review in a way that reflects a “blaming and shaming” culture rather than a supportive and collaborative process that leads to trusting relationships in the workplace. Students and practicing professionals report that they do not know how to create feedback that supports their peers, they feel it is not their job to perform peer review, and they perceive the peer review process as punitive and critical.
Purpose: This study identified underlying motivational influences that inspire students to provide supportive feedback to peers, and guides faculty to develop teaching strategies that build effective peer feedback skills essential to emotional and career wellness.
Methods: 100+ graduate nursing students in an online leadership course experienced instruction and practice in peer review. They participated in mid-term and final peer-review assignments. Survey data on motivation and performance underwent regression-based mediation analysis.
Results: Anticipated results will reveal specific module components’ effect on learning outcomes and quality of feedback, as well as whether those effects are mediated by motivational constructs of expectancy for success, task value, and cost.
Implications: If peer review in the health professions is going to fulfill its potential to ensure quality of care and patient safety in the practice setting, faculty must improve student preparation to participate in it through better educational strategies in peer review. By identifying the underlying motivational influences that inspire students to provide supportive feedback to peers, results from this study will guide teaching strategies that build effective peer feedback skills. In this session, you will learn to use your professional practice standards and principles of supportive peer feedback to prepare your students for an emotionally healthy peer review experience that promotes career wellness.
Explain the importance of peer review to autonomy and accountability of one’s professional discipline.
State six fundamental principles of peer review.
Describe five facets of supportive peer feedback.